Technical Analysis: S&P 500 – US Election Cycle January 6, 2017

  • The United States election cycle suggests the S&P 500 index should top over in 2017
  • US is currently in its third longest economic expansion in history without going through major correction
  • Expect more headwinds in 2017

 

Post-United States election day, the US equity market reacted exuberantly on expectations of a large fiscal stimulus program, business deregulation and broad base tax cut under President-Elect Trump administration. The S&P 500 index rose 6% since 8 November 2016 Election Day while the Midcap 400 Index and Russell 2000 Index rallied 11.2% and 14.7% respectively.

Chart 1. Equity performance post-election day as of 6 January 2017

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Source: Bloomberg

 

The biggest winner of the Trump rally is the financial sector followed by energy sector but we believe that the Trump rally has entered into an euphoric state and the election cycle suggests the Trump rally might fizzle out soon and enter into a correction phase. The market is clearly shifting into a risk on mode but it would be better to stay on the side lines rather than chase the market as valuations have hit the extreme levels last seen during crisis periods. S&P 500 Forward PE is at 18.8, surpassing the peak during subprime crisis.

Change of President with more than 1 term cycle

This study was done on the S&P 500 Index to observe the price action around the US president inauguration day and it dates back to 1933. A clear pattern emerged as the US election cycle shows the US equity market tends to top out and correct somewhere near the US presidential inauguration day and the pattern is more pronounced when we get a change in regime of presidents that have stayed in power over the white house for more than one term.

In total, there were eight different occasions where the respective US presidents held office for more than one term and all eight occasions produced interesting price action around the inauguration day of the following president.

All in all, the correction was more prominent when the top was form prior to the inauguration day. Take for example the 1963 – 1969, 1969 – 1974, 1993 – 2001 and 2001 -2009 election cycle, the top was formed on average 11 months before the inauguration day of the following president and the corrections that ensued were in the vicinity of 50% from the peak.

President

Years in office Peak relative to inauguration day of the following president Peak to trough correction
Franklin Roosevelt 1933 – 1945 +13 month 28%
Harry Truman 1945 – 1953 -1 month 14%
Dwight Eisenhower 1953 – 1961 +11 month 28%
Lyndon Johnson 1963 – 1969 -2 month 36%
Richard Nixon 1969 – 1974 -19 month 48%
Ronald Reagan 1981 – 1989 +18 month 20%
Bill Clinton 1993 – 2001 -10 month 50%
George Bush 2001 – 2009 -15 month 57%
Barack Obama 2009 – 2017 ? ?
*Omitted data from presidents with 1 term                                Source: Bloomberg

 

Currently, the S&P 500 index has continued to break new record highs and its trading at 2269 points while the existing all-time high stands at 2277 points. The inauguration of Donald Trump as the president of United States will occur on 20 January 2017.

Scenario 1 – immediate correction

If the S&P 500 index manages to hold on to the December 2016 top as the all-time high, expect a significant correction to take place in the range of 50% based on the election cycle. That scenario resembles the 1969 presidential cycle where the top was formed two months before the inauguration day of the 37th president of the United States, Richard Nixon in January 1969 where the S&P 500 Index tanked 36% subsequently(chart 2b).

Scenario 2 – delayed correction

On the other hand, if the S&P 500 index continues to break new record highs after 20 January, 2017, the Trump rally could get extended for another 12 months before the all-time high appears.

Chart 2a. S&P 500 Index 1933 – 1963

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Chart 2b. S&P 500 Index 1963 – 1991

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Chart 2c. S&P 500 Index 1993 – 2017

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*Vertical line demarcates the respective inauguration day                    Source: Bloomberg

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About the author

Profile photo of Jeremy Ng

Jeremy Ng
Investment Analyst
Phillip Securities Research Pte Ltd

Jeremy specialises in Technical Analysis and has 10 years of experience in studying price action. His areas of expertise include intermarket analysis on the equities, currencies, commodities and bonds market.

He is also a regular columnist on The Business Times - every Monday ChartPoint column.

He graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Banking and Finance from University of London.

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