+ EBITDA recovery in Singapore and Australia. Singapore consumer enjoyed a strong 11% YoY recovery in 1Q23 EBITDA. We believe roaming revenue supported an 11% YoY (and QoQ) rise in blended ARPU. Earnings drag came from TV revenue, a decline of 14% YoY. Australia enjoyed a 6% YoY improvement in EBITDA excluding NBN. We believe the reopening of borders and relaxation of movement restrictions supported mobile revenue growth.
– Still an investment phase for NCS. Despite a healthy 13% YoY rise in revenue in 1Q23, NCS EBIT dropped 24.6% YoY. NCS is investing in higher headcount and higher staff costs which is significantly diluting margins. Group enterprise fared better with EBIT flat on a YoY basis. The pick-up in roaming, data centre and cybersecurity revenue is offset by the structural decline in voice revenue.