+ New businesses accelerated growth. Newly acquired BidFX and Scientific Beta contributed S$40mn, or 8%, to 1H22 revenue, which is 20% higher YoY. Consequently, FICC and DCI grew 15% and 3% YoY respectively to mitigate Equities – Cash & Derivatives revenue decline. Both businesses are expected to remain growth engines for SGX, with opportunities from cross-selling and new client acquisitions on the back of customer access to an enlarged trading network.
+ Underlying business resilient. Excluding treasury income, revenue grew 6% YoY, lifted by higher trading and clearing revenues from equity derivatives, currencies, and commodities. Treasury and other revenue income dropped as treasury income was affected by lower yields from low interest rates.
+ FTSE China A50 contract showed growth. Despite the introduction of HKEX’s MSCI China A50 Connect Index in Oct 2021, SGX’s FTSE China A50 contract saw increased volume, with open interest growing at more than 10% between Oct and Dec 2021. SGX expects trading activity and open interest of the FTSE China A50 contract to continue growing as the international A-share market expands.
– Lower yields drag equity derivatives treasury income. Equities – Cash & Derivatives was 5% lower YoY as equity derivatives volume declined 4%. This was mitigated by higher fees per contract of S$1.50 in 1H22, 18% higher YoY and in line with our expectations as introductory fees in 1H21 tapered off. 1H22 treasury and other revenue declined 46% YoY mainly from lower treasury income, which declined primarily due to lower yield. Nonetheless, this is expected to recover with rising interest rates, with SGX’s management mentioning that the low treasury income is to remain for the following months, with only an uptick expected later in the year.
Continued development of multi-assets to anchor long-term growth. SGX remains committed to expanding its suite of products through strategic partnerships and new product development for newly acquired businesses.
Investing for medium term. SGX has guided FY22 expenses of S$565m-575mn, an 8.6% increase from FY21 at the mid-point. More than 50% of the increase will be for near-term investments. These include setting up FX ECN, climate-related initiatives and continued investments in BidFX and Scientific Beta. However, this guidance includes expenses for Maxxtrader, which was previously not included in their earlier guidance. With that, SGX expects FY22 expenses to remain flat or marginally higher compared with FY20’s pre-acquisition expense of S$475mn.
Rising interest rates. Apart from the banks, SGX is another beneficiary of higher interest rates. As at 2H21, SGX reported a S$12bn float from collateral and S$72mn of interest income which represents 13% of FY21 operating profit. Based on our calculations, a 25 basis point rate hike would mean an increase of S$30mn in operating profit (or a 6% uplift).