Singapore Banking Monthly – Interest rates continue to rise in April May 12, 2022 394

  • March 3M-SIBOR was up by 27bps MoM, the highest in 24 months.
  • 1Q22 results, banks’ NII and NIM remained stable despite healthy loans growth while fee income fell across the board in 1Q22.
  • Hong Kong’s domestic loans grew by 2.24% YoY and 0.29% MoM in March. Malaysia’s domestic loans growth increased 56% YoY in March and 0.58% MoM in March.
  • Maintain OVERWEIGHT. We remain positive on banks. Bank dividend yields are attractive with upside surprise due to excess capital ratios. Improving economic conditions and rising interest rates remain tailwinds for the banking sector. SGX is another beneficiary of higher interest rates. We upgrade DBS and UOB from ACCUMULATE to BUY due to the recent share price weakness. No change in earnings or target price.

3M-SOR and 3M-SIBOR up in April

Interest rates continued to increase in April. The 3M-SOR was up 27bps MoM to 1.06%, while the 3M-SIBOR was up 27bps MoM to 0.94%. The 3M-SOR is 52bps higher than its 1Q22 average of 0.54% and has improved by 77bps YoY. The 3M-SIBOR is 41bps higher than its 1Q22 average of 0.53% and has improved by 50bps YoY (Figure 1).


NII and NIM remained stable despite healthy loans growth

DBS’ 1Q22 earnings of S$1.80bn are in line with our estimates, and 1Q22 PATMI is at 24% of our FY22e forecast. 1Q22 DPS is maintained QoQ at 36 cents, above pre-pandemic 33 cents. NIM grew 3bps QoQ but declined 3bps YoY to 1.46% due to lower market interest rates. NII grew 2% QoQ and 4% YoY to S$2.2bn as higher loan and deposit volumes were moderated by stagnant NIMs. Loans grew 8% YoY and 2% QoQ to S$416bn mainly due to non-trade corporate loans growth led by drawdowns in Singapore and Hong Kong across a range of industries.

OCBC’s 1Q22 earnings of S$1.36bn were in line with our estimates despite lower-than-expected non-interest income which were offset by higher net interest income and lower allowances. 1Q22 PATMI is 22% of our FY22e forecast. NII grew 4% YoY and 1% QoQ led by loan growth of 8% YoY and 1% QoQ, while NIMs declined 1bp YoY but grew 3bps QoQ to 1.55%. Loan growth was driven by Singapore, the UK, Australia and USA.  

UOB’s 1Q22 earnings of S$906mn were lower than our estimates due to lower-than-expected fee and other non-interest income. 1Q22 PATMI is 19% of our FY22e forecast. NII grew 1% QoQ and 10% YoY, led by continued loans growth of 3% QoQ and 9% YoY, while NIM improved 2bps QoQ to 1.56%. Loan growth was led by corporate loans in Singapore, Greater China and Western countries, while QoQ loan growth was mainly from trade and term loans in Singapore.

Fee income fell across the board in 1Q22

DBS’ fee income fell 7% YoY. Fee income decline YoY was mainly due to weaker market sentiment affecting wealth management and investment banking. Nonetheless, fee income grew 9% QoQ mainly due to higher fees from loan-related activities, transaction banking and wealth management as it recovered from a seasonally lower 4Q21.

OCBC’s total non-interest income fell 23% YoY. The YoY decline was mainly due to lower WM fees, trading income and life insurance profit coming off the previous year’s high, which was underpinned by robust customer and investment activities due to favourable market conditions.

UOB’s fee and commission income fell 8% YoY, particularly from wealth and fund management due to the subdued market conditions. Fees, however, were stable QoQ as strong demand for lending and advisory business propelled higher loan-related fees which were moderated by seasonally lower credit card spending and lower wealth and fund management fees due to the dampened market sentiment.

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Glenn Thum
Research Analyst

Glenn covers the Banking and Finance sector. He has had 3 years of experience as a Credit Analyst in a Bank, where he prepared credit proposals by conducting consistent critical analysis on the business, market, country and financial information. Glenn graduated with a Bachelor of Business Management from the University of Queensland with a double major in International Business and Human Resources.

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