Capital and leverage ratios similar to Singapore banks
Credit Suisse’s Common Equity Tier-1 (CET1) ratio of 14.1% is comparable to Singapore banks at ~14.4%. The leverage ratio of 11.7x is similar to Singapore banks’ ~11.6x. Credit Suisse is subjected to the Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR) requirements by the Federal Reserve and has kept an adequate LCR of 144%, which is comparable to that of Singapore banks at ~144%. The issue with what is happening at Credit Suisse does not appear to be its capital ratios.
Two years of net losses for Credit Suisse
Credit Suisse reported two consecutive years of net losses, CHF7.29bn in FY22 and CHF1.65bn in FY21, as investment banking revenues slumped and clients pulled money from the group’s wealth management business. This resulted in a negative ROE of 16.1% for FY22.
In comparison, the Singapore banks have been posting record revenues and profits, mainly due to the higher net interest income from the higher interest rate environment. Consequently, the Singapore banks have reported an ROE of ~12.5%.
Credit Suisse’s focus is on commissions and fees
Largely an investment bank, Credit Suisse’s focus is on commissions and fee income, with fee income making up 59% of its total income and net interest income only making up 36% of total income.
For the Singapore banks, the focus is mainly on net interest income with NII making up ~68% of total income and fee income making up ~18% of total income. The local banks were able to benefit from the rise in interest rates as they were able to pass on the higher funding costs directly to their customers as the majority of the loans were on a floating rate and could be repriced.
Smaller asset size compared to Lehman Brothers
Interestingly, if we were to compare Credit Suisse to Lehman Brothers back in 2008, Credit Suisse’s total assets are smaller at US$574bn compared to Lehman Brother’s total assets of US$639bn, and total liabilities are also smaller at US$525bn compared to Lehman Brother’s total liabilities of US$613bn. However, Credit Suisse has a larger amount of customer deposits, US$252bn, as compared to Lehman Brother’s customer deposits of US$29bn.
Maintain OVERWEIGHT. We remain positive on Singapore banks. Bank dividend yields are attractive at 5.7% with possible upside surprise due to excess capital ratios and push towards higher ROEs. Singapore banks differ from Credit Suisse as they focus on NII growth and hence are able to post positive ROEs.