+ Margins continue to improve. Gross and operating margins expanded by ~300bps and ~600bps YoY, respectively. Operating income more than tripled YoY to a record level of US$11.2bn, beating the top-end of US$8.5bn company guidance. The retail business benefitted from the lower cost to serve because of its fulfillment network regionalisation initiative in the US, easing inflationary pressure in line-haul, ocean, and rail shipping rates, as well as the strong 26% YoY growth of its advertising business (7% of revenue). AWS operating margin also expanded by 600bps QoQ and 400bps YoY, back to the level last seen in 2Q22, primarily driven by headcount reductions in the business and lower energy costs.
+ AWS growth stabilised. Segment revenue was up by 12% YoY, in line with management’s guidance of stabilising growth. Despite customer cost-optimisation efforts being relatively elevated compared to 2022, it is starting to meaningfully attenuate as more companies shift their focus towards deploying new workloads. Management expects the rate of such optimisations will continue to ease in the next several quarters. Furthermore, AMZN indicated that it signed several deals with customers that will take effect in 4Q23, including those where existing customers expand their AWS deployments and move away from short-term contracts to commitments ranging between 1-3 years. Hence, we expect growth will start to re-accelerate in the near term.
+ Strong free-cash-flow. Trailing-twelve-months (TTM) FCF was US$21.4bn, tripling QoQ and a US$41bn improvement YoY. This was driven by the increased operating income in both retail and AWS segments, improved leverage on fixed costs and working capital efficiency.