IREIT GLOBAL Another year of resilience

The Positives

+ FY20 better than expected, rental collection high. Gross revenue and NPI in FY20 were up 7.2% and 7.3% YoY respectively, following consolidation of its Spanish properties after their acquisition on 22 October 2020. FY20 NPI, distributable income and DPU were slightly better than expected, at 102%/104%/103% of forecasts. Rental collection exceeded 99%. Outstanding were rental rebates and deferrals granted to a few tenants.


+ High portfolio occupancy, minimal FY21 expiries, stable portfolio valuation. Portfolio occupancy remained high at 95.8%, though down 0.5% from a quarter ago as two tenants exercised their break option at Delta Nova IV. FY21 lease breaks/expiries are minimal at 3.7%/3.3% by gross rental income (GRI). Despite Covid-19, portfolio valuation increased by 1.2%. High occupancy of 99.6% anchored by blue-chip tenants led to a 2.3% valuation increase for its German portfolio. This constituted 82% of its total portfolio valuation. Valuation of its Spanish portfolio, in contrast, was down 3.5% due to longer vacancy assumptions.


The Negative

- Chunky FY22 expiries, 5% likely de-risked. About 32.5%/24.6% of leases by GRI will be due for lease breaks/expiries in FY22. About 5% of the lease breaks are attributable to DRB* for its lease at Berlin Campus due in June 2022. DRB is likely to keep its lease as rental rates are attractive. It recently leased a new building adjacent to Berlin Campus for more than double Berlin Campus’ passing rents. Other properties up for lease breaks/expiries are IREIT’s Darmstadt and Munster Campus, leased by Deutsche Telekom (DT). IREIT has started to engage DT for early renewals.

*DRB - Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund



With lockdown extensions and strict social-distancing restrictions in several economies, a sustainable recovery in the European real estate remains largely uncertain. Though work-from-home is taking roots, it remains too early to predict the direction of office demand as work arrangements are still in a flux. To date, physical occupancies in its portfolio amount to 30%.


After its rights issue in 4Q20, aggregate leverage improved to 34.8% in FY20 from 39.3% a year ago. Weighted average debt to maturity was 5.3 years, with all borrowings due to mature only in 2026. This provides IREIT with the flexibility to pursue M&A growth opportunities. It is looking at office, retail and logistics assets in Europe, particularly in countries where Tikehau Capital has a foothold such as France, Italy and the Netherlands.


To provide more options to its unitholders, IREIT is exploring the possibility of implementing dual-currency (€/S$) trading. Although its S$ trading liquidity may be compromised, we believe dual-currency trading will help to attract European investors looking for exposure to a pure Western Europe office portfolio. IREIT is also considering changing its distribution currency from S$ to its functional currency, €. If implemented, it will not need to hedge future distributions. This is more efficient, in our view, as IREIT can focus purely on operational metrics.


Maintain ACCUMULATE with raised TP of S$0.70. FY21e DPU has been raised by 7% for better operational performances. Current price implies dividend yields of 7.3% and total prospective returns of 14.2%.

IREIT GLOBAL – Stability against all odds


The Positives

+ 3Q20 expected to be in line. IREIT’s rental collection rate has been 98% since March 2020. Rental collection rate was similar in 3Q20. All tenants in Germany have paid their rents and IREIT has not received any requests for rental rebates or deferral. In Spain, it has agreed to rent rebates and deferral for a few tenants. Rebates were dished out to one canteen operator and one café operator, equivalent to 0.8% of portfolio gross rental income (GRI). IREIT is not expecting more to come.

+ Portfolio occupancy up by 0.6% to 96.3%; income stability anchored by minimal expiries. Portfolio occupancy was lifted by a new 5-year lease with Axians, a leading information and communications technology integration service provider, at Il∙lumina. The lease was secured in September and increased the property’s occupancy by 7.3% to 90.2%. Only 5.1% and 4% of leases by GRI are due for lease break and expiry respectively in the next two years. This mitigates risks from a weaker leasing environment caused by COVID-19.

+ New stronghold tenant as top 3 contributor. DXC Technology (DXC US, Not Rated) is a Fortune 500 investment-grade IT service company listed on the NYSE. After IREIT acquired the remaining 60% stake in its Spanish portfolio in October 2020, DXC has become its third-largest tenant, at 5.1% of its portfolio GRI. GMG – Deutsche Telekom (39.2%) and DRB (27.1%) remain its biggest tenants.


The Negative

- Lockdown woes. Due to a recent surge in COVID-19 infections, Germany imposed a new month-long lockdown on 2 Nov 2020. On 26 October, Spain went into another nationwide lockdown for 15 days. This has since been extended by six months until 9 May 2021. While the restrictions are less stringent than earlier lockdowns, the return of workers to their offices has been delayed. As such, we are expecting a flat to slightly weaker outlook for rents and occupancy in the next two years. 



Occupancy and office take-up have declined in Germany and Spain. However, rents are still holding up due to a low supply of quality products and potential delays in new office supply. We believe IREIT’s strong tenant base coupled with minimal expiries (FY20: 0.5%; FY21: 3.5%) will continue to anchor its income stability.


Upgrade to ACCUMULATE with unchanged TP of S$0.680. We adjust our revenue forecasts for FY20/FY21e by +0.7%/-2.3% to account for new leases signed and a weaker rental outlook. The impact on FY21e DPU is offset by higher EUR/SGD exchange rates assumed (+1.3%) for IREIT’s interest-rate hedges.

IREIT GLOBAL – Rough start to growth, but growth nonetheless


The Positives

+ Stable results. Gross revenue and NPI was up by 2.6% and 1.4% YoY attributable to the new lease at Münster South Building which commenced in Jul 2019. However, DPU in S$ terms dipped by 2.7% as it was impacted by weaker EUR/SGD exchange rates. Nevertheless, distributable income and DPU slightly surpassed our expectations as it formed 50.9% and 52.1% of our FY20e estimates, respectively. Overall occupancy lifted slightly QoQ at 95.7% from 94.7%, attributable to new lease with ÁREAS, a global leader in F&B services at the Il∙lumina property in Spain. Portfolio WALE stands at 3.7 years with 95.9% of the leases locked in till 2022.

+ Acquisition of remaining 60% stake in the Spanish portfolio to provide greater diversification benefits and organic growth opportunities. Post-acquisition, IREIT’s aggregate valuation will increase by 13% from €630mn to €711mn. The acquisition will decrease IREIT’s portfolio exposure to Germany from 91% to 81%; no single property will contribute to more than 30% of IREIT’s valuation. The top 5 tenants’ aggregate contribution to the portfolio’s GRI will decrease from 87% to 78%, and no tenant will contribute over 40% of aggregate GRI, down from 46% previously. Additionally, the properties’ passing rents are on average 15% below market rents, presenting future organic growth opportunities as leases are marked to market.

+ Commitment highlighted: Key strategic investors will undertake all Rights units unsubscribed during Rights Issue. Tikehau Capital, CDL and AT Investments demonstrated their support for IREIT and the Rights issue by pledging to take on all unsubscribed units offered. Assuming 0% take up for other unitholders and only Tikehau Capital, CDL and AT Investments subscribed to the rights issue, AT Investments may potentially own 15.4% of IREIT’s shareholdings (up from 5.5%) and become a controlling unitholder to IREIT. Tikehau Capital and CDL will own 29.3% (prev: 29.3% - maximum stake) and 24.5% (up from 21%), respectively. This highlights the stakeholders’ commitment to partake in IREIT’s growth journey.


+ Lower gearing levels to provide more headroom for more inorganic growth opportunities ahead. The enlarged portfolio is expected to see gearing levels at 35%, down from 39% previously. Reduced gearing levels will place IREIT in a better position to embark on further inorganic growth opportunities. IREIT is currently looking at opportunities in Germany, Spain, France and gateway cities in Europe where Tikehau Capital has presence in.


The Negatives

- Rights issue to fund acquisition and repay loan; Acquisition is DPU and NAV dilutive. IREIT will be issuing 281.8mn units to raise c. €90mn (S$140.9mn). It will be used to fund the proposed acquisition (c. €49.1mn) and repay the €32m term loan facility granted by CDL. The acquisition is expected to be completed in 4Q20. Looking at pro forma data based on 1H20 numbers, DPU for the enlarged portfolio was to decline by 18.9% from 2.85c to 2.31c. NAVPS for the enlarged portfolio was also to fall by 14.5% from €0.55 to €0.47.



The COVID-19 pandemic and ongoing geopolitical tensions have taken a toll on the business activity in Europe, with major economies in the region expected to fall into recession in 2020. This has led to several measures taken by the EU, including the approval of the historic €750bn pandemic recovery fund and new budget of nearly €1.1trn over seven years to support the European economy. Amid the looming recession, the take-up in office space and investment activity in Europe is expected to slow down in 2020.


However, office rents where IREIT’s properties are located are not expected to be significantly affected due to strong local fundamentals e.g. low vacancy rates and lack of supply. IREIT’s portfolio has remained resilient with majority of the leases supported by blue-chip tenants. The impending acquisition will increase and diversify IREIT’s asset and tenant base, and mark what we believe to be the beginning to IREIT’s growth plans now that it is backed by supportive stakeholders. It has been a rough start to growth, but growth nonetheless.


Downgrade to NEUTRAL with a lower TP of S$0.68.

Our target price translates to a FY20e distribution yield of 6.9% and a total upside of 0.8%. We factored in for the €90mn rights issue to fully fund the acquisition and repay the CDL loan. DPU for FY20e, FY21e and FY21e has been lowered by 10%, 17% and 17% respectively. In light of more organic growth opportunities presented by the Spanish portfolio, we increased our terminal growth rate to 1.5% from 1% previously.

The report is produced by Phillip Securities Research under the ‘Research Talent Development Grant Scheme’ (administered by SGX).

IREIT GLOBAL – Visibility amidst uncertainty


The Positives

+ Stable results expected; 1Q20 was minimally impacted by Covid’19. 100% of rental income has been collected from tenants in 1Q20 with no dips in occupancy, hence topline and NPI for 1Q20 is expected to remain stable. The impact of the outbreak and lockdown measures were only evident at the end of the first quarter. Therefore, April is expected to bear the brunt of the blow as lockdowns eased post-April. Despite so, 98% of April’s rents have been collected, with only 2% of arrears coming a handful of tenants from the Spanish portfolio.

+ Proactive asset management mitigated lease break fears of key tenants. GMG, one of IREIT’s key tenant, has exercised its break option to return 2 out of 6 floors of Munster South building in 28 Feb 2021. However, the manager has identified and secured a 9-yr future lease with another strong tenant for the entire 2 floors that will commence on 1 March 2021. As this new lease will commence right after, we are not expecting any dip in occupancy from this transfer of leases. Thereafter, the WALE of Munster Campus is to increase from 2.9 to 4.1 years, which will help to provide the portfolio with greater income visibility.

+ Sponsors and new strategic investor, AT investments, increased stake to show support; IREIT’s non-executive director bought shares from market. Tikehau Capital and CDL increased their unitholding to 29.2% and 20.87%, from 16.64% and 12.52% respectively. Along with AT Investments’ acquisition of a 5.5% stake in IREIT, sponsors and new strategic investor collectively own approximately 55% of IREIT’s shareholdings. The additional stakes were purchased from Mr Tong Jinquan at S$0.49/share who reduced his stake from 34.5% to 6.1%. Meanwhile, Mr Bruno de Pampelonne who is IREIT’s non-executive director, chairman of Tikehau Investment Management and senior partner at Tikehau Capital, purchased 200,000 units of IREIT at S$0.6075. These transactions are testaments of the sponsors’, investor’s and management’s confidence in IREIT’s portfolio.


The Negatives

- Limited growth expected from CPI-linked escalations. Low confidence in an economy usually reduces inflation expectation. As Germany’s and Spain’s GDP are expected to decline by 6.3% and 9.2% respectively in 2020 amidst the Covid’19 outbreak, we are less optimistic about IREIT’s portfolio growth that has most of the leases linked with their nations’ CPI.

- Depreciation of EUR to impact 2020 DPU. IREIT hedges approximately 80% of its income to be repatriated from overseas to Singapore on a quarterly basis, one year in advance. We are expecting translation loss to impact DPU by 3-5% as EUR generally depreciated against SGD throughout 2019.


Outlook through Covid’19

Since the implementation of lockdown measures at around mid-March, most tenants at the German and Spanish properties commenced BCPs and work-from-home arrangements, with physical occupancies at around 10-30%. Cleaning, maintenance and repairs at the properties are still carried out regularly. To date, the German portfolio has been resilient as the manager has not received any requests for rent rebates or deferrals from the German portfolio, but there have been a few requests from tenants in the Spanish portfolio. These tenants contribute less than 2% of IREIT’s total income.

Office take-up and leasing activity are expected to slow across both European states, as tenants

and investors take on a more cautious approach towards relocation and expansion in this economic climate. Letting demand and rental rates will face near term headwinds. Since occupancy rates for the German and Spanish portfolio are at 99.6% and 80.8%, the lack of letting demand is more concerning for the Spanish portfolio (which to date IREIT owns a 40% stake). Nevertheless, with only 0.9% and 2.6% of the leases due to expire and 2.6% and 2.4% eligible for lease break in FY20 and FY21 respectively, IREIT’s portfolio presents defensiveness given that 95% of the current income stream is locked in till 2022.


Upgraded to BUY with a lower TP of S$0.770.

Our target price translates to a FY20e distribution yield of 8.2% and a total upside of 25.1%. We revised our COE assumptions upwards by 80bps on the back of increased market risk and reduced our FY20-23 DPUs by 1-3% due to greater currency depreciation and lower rental growth assumptions.


IREIT GLOBAL – Catching up steadily


The Positives

+ Stable results. IREIT recorded a 0.1% increase in NPI YoY, with a marginal decrease in both gross revenue and property operating expenses in 4Q19. On a full-year basis, NPI is also up by 0.1%. Increase in property operating expenses was largely due to repair and maintenance on the properties, offset by higher gross revenue arising from the finalisation of prior year’s service charge reconciliation. FY19 DPU was down by 2.8% YoY, partially attributable to weaker EUR/SGD rates recognized.

+ Revaluation gains increased NAV per unit by 13% and reduced gearing levels. Post-acquisition of the 40% stake in the Spanish portfolio, aggregate leverage increased to 39.3% vis-à-vis initial guidance of 42.9%, mainly attributable to a 9.2% increase in fair value of investment properties. The increase was due to higher appraised value of the German portfolio. Consequently, NAV per unit increased 13% from S$0.75 to $0.85 per unit, marking a P/NAV ratio of 1.0x as at 31 Dec 2019.


The Negatives

- Effective interest rate increased to 1.8% p.a, fewer loans are hedged. Accounting for the CDL bridging loan that bears an interest of 3.875% above EURIBOR, cost of debt increased from 1.5% to 1.8% p.a while the proportion of loans hedged declined from 100% in 3Q19 to 86.3% in 4Q19.



Interest rates in the Eurozone are still expected to remain lower for longer, which provide attractive financing/refinancing opportunities for IREIT. In 2020, the take-up in office space and rental growth expectations in Europe may slow down due to slower business activity and higher new development completions. This might drive down occupancy rates. Given that most of IREIT’s leases are locked in till FY22 with only 1.0% and 1.2% of the leases due to expire and 2.6% and 2.4% eligible for lease break in FY20 and FY21 respectively, IREIT’s portfolio presents yield visibility and defensiveness.

The Manager will be looking to increase the occupancy rate of the Spanish Portfolio (which is currently at 80.7%) and bring the under-rented properties nearer to market levels through active asset management. In addition, it will be exploring possible debt and equity financing options to repay its term loan facility and to exercise the call option granted by Tikehau Capital to acquire its 60% stake, while maintaining an appropriate capital structure for IREIT.


Maintain ACCUMULATE with an unchanged TP of S$0.885.

Our target price translates to a FY20e/FY21e distribution yield of 6.4% and a total upside of 8.7%. As IREIT is currently trading closer to the industry average book value, most of the upside will be contributed by the dividend yield. Nevertheless, we believe that IREIT’s portfolio will still provide a stable income stream and attractive dividend yield for investors. 


IREIT GLOBAL (Initiation)- New parent, new acquisition, new outlook



Company Background

IREIT Global (“IREIT”) primarily invests in income-producing real estate in Europe, used for office, retail, industrial and logistics purposes. Listed in 2014, IREIT did not gain much traction with investors due to limited portfolio size and growth prospects. In Nov 2016, Tikehau Capital became a major shareholder in IREIT’s trust manager IREIT Global Group Pte. Ltd. (IGG) with an 80% stake. Since then, IREIT made a series of management changes which provided IREIT better vantage point and control of the operations in Germany. Another milestone was reached in Apr 2019, when City Developments Ltd (CDL) invested S$59.4mn to acquire a 12.3% stake in IREIT at S$0.76 per share. CDL also purchased a 50% stake from Tikehau Capital in IGG, at S$18.4mn.

IREIT continues to seek diversification and scale by leveraging on Tikehau Capital’s local presence and CDL’s funding capabilities. In Dec 2019, IREIT announced its largest acquisition in Spain through a 40:60 joint venture with Tikehau Capital. The deal includes 4 multi-tenanted freehold office buildings across Madrid and Barcelona, which will be acquired for €138.2mn.


Investment Merits

  1. Attractive dividend yield supported by stable leases. We expect to deliver dividends yields of 6.9% in FY20 and FY21. High income stability is expected with IREIT’s portfolio WALE of 4.4 years, average occupancy of 99.7% underpinned by blue-chip tenants, interest rates hedged for 7-years and no refinancing required till 2026.
  2. Ability to leverage on financial support, expertise and acquisition deals from Tikehau Capital and CDL. In the recent acquisition, CDL extended a bridging loan to fund IREIT’s newest acquisition. Tikehau Capital secured the acquisition and even warehoused the portfolio (via a call option) for IREIT.
  3. Acquisition to add scale, growth and diversification to IREIT. The Spanish portfolio will add scale and diversify IREIT’s assets in terms of location, property and tenants. The option to acquire the remaining 60% stake in the Spanish portfolio will spur growth for IREIT.



  1. Concentration risk by country, asset and tenant mix: All the properties in IREIT's current portfolio are based in Germany, with GMG holding more than 50% of the tenant mix. Post-acquisition, the enlarged portfolio still has an exposure of 90.5% by valuation to Germany. Berlin Campus, which is IREIT’s largest asset, contributes 32% of the portfolio’s GRI.
  2. Less organic growth opportunities: Rental escalations for most of the properties are based on an inflation mechanism tagged to the Germany’s Consumer Price Index (CPI), with the exception of Berlin Campus which is based on a fixed step-up rate. Most of the leases are also locked in till 2022. German CPI remains muted, averaging at 1.1% p.a. over the past 7 years. This can weigh on rental escalation rates.

We initiate IREIT with an ACCUMULATE. Our target price is S$0.885, implying an 8.5% upside coupled with a dividend yield of 6.9% (FY20e).


The report is produced by Phillip Securities Research under the ‘Research Talent Development Grant Scheme’ (administered by SGX).



IREIT was listed on 13 August 2014 on the main board of SGX at S$0.88 per share. Its current portfolio consists of 5 free-hold office properties in Germany which are valued at €526.4mn as at 30 June 2019.  The properties are located in the cities of Berlin, Bonn, Darmstadt, Munich and Münster.

In Dec 2019, IREIT announced that it will enter in a 40:60 joint venture with Tikehau Capital to acquire 4 multi-tenanted freehold office buildings in established office areas of Madrid and Barcelona for €133.8mn. Tikehau will offer IREIT with a call option to acquire its 60% stake, while CDL will provide a €32mn bridging loan to finance IREIT’s investment of 40% of the portfolio.



IREIT is managed by IGG, which is jointly owned by Tikehau Capital and CDL. Tikehau Capital and CDL each own 50% stake in the trust manager IGG, and 16.3% and 12.3% in IREIT respectively.

Tikehau Capital is an asset management and investment group which manages €23.4 bn of assets under management and is supported by shareholders’ equity of €3.1 bn as at 30 June 2019.  It is listed on Euronext Paris (Ticker: TKO.FP) and employs more than 480 staff in 11 offices. Most of its offices are situated in Europe.

Tikehau Capital operates four business segments – Private Debt, Real Estate, Private Equity and Liquid Strategies. The real estate portfolio under management is valued at €8.5bn, which is relatively on par with private debt – its biggest business segment - at around €8.6bn. Its mandate in real estate is to invest primarily in European commercial real estate in order to achieve higher returns through active asset management. This is in line with IREIT’s investment strategy to focus on European real estate.

CDL is a leading Singapore-listed real estate operating company with a global network spanning across 103 locations in 29 countries and regions. CDL’s key markets include China, United Kingdom, Japan and Australia. The group’s London-based hospitality arm, Millennium & Copthorne Hotels Limited is one of the world’s largest hotel chains with over 145 hotels worldwide. CDL is also developing a fund management business and aim to achieve US$5 billion in Assets Under Management (AUM) by 2023.



IREIT currently holds 5 freehold office properties in its portfolio:

Figure 3: Overview of IREIT's German portfolio

a.  Concor Park (Figure 4) – Property with the longest WALE. The property is located in the Aschheim-Dornach commercial area within a large suburban business park about 10km from Munich city centre, the third-largest city in Germany. The 5-storey building with three independent wings and entrances was fully refurbished with a modern office fit-out in 2011. The property operates as a multi-tenanted business park with a central canteen and coffee bar.

b.  Münster Campus (Figure 5) – Smallest property in the portfolio by valuation and GRI. Located in Zentrum Nord, one of the largest office locations in Münster approximately 2.5km from the Münster city centre, the campus is within walking distance to the nearest train and bus depot. The development comprises two independent office buildings, Münster North and Münster South. Each 6-storey building is built around an open courtyard for maximum light. The property will be undergoing light modifications to be converted from a single-tenant property to a multi-tenanted office block.

c. Darmstadt Campus (Figure 6) Property has enjoyed 100% occupancy since IPO. Located in TZ Rhein Main Business Park of Darmstadt, a prime office location approximately 30km south of Frankfurt, the campus is 100m from the nearest bus stop and 1km from the Darmstadt central railway station. The development operates as a single-tenant property and forms the home to the second largest Deutsche Telekom campus in Germany. The property is well-incorporated into the overall Deutsche Telekom campus which provides canteen and other services in the surrounding buildings.

d. Bonn Campus (Figure 7) – Second largest property in the portfolio by valuation and GRI. Located in the Bundesviertel (federal quarter), the prime office area within Bonn. Centrally located in Bonn's prime office area of Bundesviertel (federal quarter), the campus is well-served by regular bus services with the nearest underground train station, U-Bahn, only 100m away. A dedicated footbridge links the development to the global headquarters of Deutsche Telekom. The U-shaped development comprises four 2-, 4- and 6-storey blocks that can be easily subdivided into smaller offices, or function as independent self-contained units. It currently operates as a single-tenant property with a central entrance and a canteen facility for employees

e. Berlin Campus (Figure 8) – Largest property in the portfolio by valuation and GRI. The campus is located in Schreiberhauer Straße in the Lichtenberg district, 6 km east of Berlin city centre. It is also located near the well-established Media Spree commercial centre. Within walking distance to the Ostkreuz railway station, the two fully connected 8- and 13-storey blocks are tailored to the requirements of Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund, the current single office tenant. The ground floor units are leased to local retailers and service providers.



We find IREIT attractive at for several reasons:

1. Attractive dividend yield supported by stable leases. We can expect IREIT to deliver dividends at yields of 6.9% in FY20 and FY21 driven by the following portfolio attributes:

Blue-chip tenant mix - IREIT’s current portfolio is largely made up of single-tenanted leases, with key tenants such as GMG* and Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund (DRB)** that contributes 86% of the portfolio’s GRI. Both are blue-chip tenants with leases secured on an initial tenure of 15-years coupled with various options for extension.


Long WALE - The portfolio exhibits an average portfolio WALE by gross rental income (GRI) of 4.4 years, which is higher than the average WALE of 2-3 years for commercial S-REITs. In terms of the portfolio WALE profile, only 0.4% of the leases are due to expire in the next 2 years and only 2% of leases are eligible for a lease break. This structure will provide income stability in the portfolio for at least 2 years.

High occupancy levels - Münster Campus (which had a vacant floor since 2017) is currently 100% occupied as at July 2019, bringing the average occupancy of the portfolio up to 99.70%. 

Healthy gearing levels - IREIT’s gearing stands at a healthy level of 36.5%. Interest rate swaps were entered at an all-in cost of debt of 1.5% p.a over 7 years to hedge 100% of the interest of the new loan facilities. There will be no refinancing for its existing debt facilities till FY26.

IREIT is currently leasing its properties at market rates - We do not expect to see positive rental reversions when the leases expire. However, we do expect rental step-ups for the properties when they are due.


Rental escalations for most of the properties are based on an inflation mechanism tagged to Germany’s Consumer Price Index (CPI), with the exception of Berlin Campus which is based on fixed step-up rates. The hurdle rates for these properties range between 5-10%. CPI inflation is recognised on a cumulative basis and rental uplift is registered when the cumulative inflation meets the respective hurdle rate. For instance, if inflation increases at 1% per year and the property has a 10% hurdle rate, rental for the property will only see an uplift of 10% at the 10th year. The next rental step-up for Berlin Campus is expected to be 2.5% at 2022.


With high cashflow visibility stemming from IREIT’s long portfolio WALE (4.4 years), high portfolio occupancy levels (99.7%) and blue-chip tenants locked in for the next 2 years, we can expect IREIT to deliver dividends at yields of 6.9% in FY20 and FY21.

2. Ability to leverage on financial support, expertise and acquisition pipeline from Tikehau Capital and CDL. Post-acquisition of the 80% stake in IGG, Tikehau Capital has provided IREIT with a local footprint and experienced ground team to manage existing properties in terms of asset, tenant and property management. Leveraging on Tikehau Capital’s reputation and presence, IREIT is also offered real estate deal flows in France, Italy, Spain, Germany and Netherlands for prospective acquisition opportunities.

With CDL’s acquisition of a 50% stake in IGG and 12.4% in IREIT, we believe IREIT is part of CDL’s strategic move to build up the real estate fund management business given their target to achieve US$5 billion in AUM by 2023. We are hopeful that CDL may be able to offer IREIT with a European pipeline of assets. In particular, CDL’s UK properties (Aldgate House and 125 Old Broad Street) offer yields of 4.5-5%.

The recent acquisition of the Spanish portfolio showcases the multiple layers of support provided by both shareholders to build IREIT as their European REIT platform:


Tikehau Capital

-          IREIT was able to secure the properties at a collective discount to their valuations by taking advantage of Tikehau Capital’s network and knowledge of the local markets.

-          Offered IREIT a call option to acquire the remaining 60% of the portfolio at market price with a floor price. The call option is for 1.5 years.

-          Can possibly provide IREIT with an experienced team in Spain to manage new properties in terms of asset, tenant and property management.



-          Extended a bridging loan of €32.0mn to IREIT in order for it to secure the properties, as the sale process required speed and execution certainty.


3. Acquisition to add scale, growth and diversification to IREIT. Post addition of the Spanish portfolio, the enlarged REIT will provide greater diversification in terms of location, asset and tenants. The valuation of the enlarged portfolio is expected to increase by 10.5% to €581.7mn. The acquired properties are all freehold properties, which compares favourably with other S-REITs which properties are leased up to 99 years. The properties also have a yearly rental step-up linked to the Spanish CPI.

Post-acquisition of the 40% stake, IREIT will shed its German-pureplay status and will have a 9.5% exposure to Spain by AUM. The largest asset by contribution (Berlin campus) will also see a reduction of 4% by valuation within the enlarged portfolio. The multi-tenanted Spanish properties will introduce 28 new tenants, increasing tenant and trade diversification to IREIT’s portfolio.


The overall occupancy rates for the Spanish portfolio stands at 80.9%. This brings the average occupancy rates of the enlarged portfolio to 92.6%.  Therefore, there is a potential for IREIT to increase occupancy rates through active leasing efforts and bring the under-rented properties closer to market levels. Aggregated for the portfolio, the passing rents for these properties are approximately 7.5% below the current market rents. IREIT will also be able to benefit from positive rental reversions when current leases are renewed at potentially higher rental rates.



1.       Concentration risk by country, asset and tenant mix: All the properties in IREIT's current portfolio are based in Germany, with GMG holding more than 50% of the tenant mix. Post-acquisition, the enlarged portfolio still has an exposure of 90.5% by valuation to Germany. Berlin Campus, which is IREIT’s largest asset, contributes 32% of the portfolio’s GRI.

2.       Less organic growth opportunities: Rental escalations for most of the properties are based on an inflation mechanism tagged to the Germany’s Consumer Price Index (CPI), with the exception of Berlin Campus which is based on a fixed step-up rate. Most of the leases are also locked in till 2022. German CPI remains muted, averaging at 1.1% p.a. over the past 7 years. This can weigh on rental escalation rates.

3.       Foreign exchange risk: Significant depreciation of EUR/SGD beyond our estimates will impact forecasted DPU, as approximately 20% of the distributable income to be repatriated back to Singapore is unhedged.



We initiate coverage on IREIT with an ACCUMULATE rating and a DDM-derived target price of S$0.885. Our valuation assumes that the acquisition of the Spanish properties will be fully funded by debt. With a DPU yield of 6.9%, this implies a total upside of 15.4%.


Our target price is based on a four-year projection, cost of equity of 7.1% and terminal growth rate of 1%. In our models, we estimated a 2-3% annual escalation rate for the leases. We assume a EUR/SGD exchange rate of 1.52 and 1.50 for FY20 and FY21 respectively given that interest rates are hedged one year ahead for approximately 80% of the distributable income.


We conducted a sensitivity analysis to anticipate the impact of changes in EUR/SGD on IREIT’s forecasted distributable income to unitholders. Based on the analysis, every 2% increase in EUR/SGD will result in an 0.1% increase in dividend yield.


Germany is one of the most densely populated countries in Europe, with 83mn inhabitants in the country. Berlin is Germany’s largest metropolis and capital, while Frankfurt is Germany’s financial hub which holds the country’s busiest airport. Other of its major cities include Cologne and Munich where some of IREIT’s properties are located.

Germany’s economic growth slowed in recent years, mainly due to subdued industrial production and declining exports. Perpetuated by the trade war and ongoing Brexit negotiations, the slowdown in the Chinese economy greatly impacted Germany’s export-oriented economy as the manufacturing sector became more pessimistic.


Despite the slowdown, Germany’s economy remains robust for the 10th year running. Real GDP is still growing steadily as private consumption continues to drive the economy, supported by higher wages and salaries and record low unemployment rate. Given that the German economy is closer to 100% employment, the potential for growth might be limited moving forward, though prospects for consumption remains favourable.

Amidst geopolitical uncertainties, Germany’s real estate investment market has been recognized to be a safe haven favoured by investors, as affirmed in the CBRE EMEA Investor Intention Survey. It is mainly attributable to Germany’s promising macroeconomic fundamentals and its low-interest rates. In particular, office property is the most dominant asset class in the German real estate market with a market share of 40% as of 2Q19.

Upward trending rents, along with low vacancy rates and strong demand in the letting market drive investor interests in office properties located in investment centres. Met by an increasingly tapered supply, this phenomenon is apparent especially in top markets like Berlin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich, and Hamburg.

Limited by a shortage of adequate and available spaces, pipeline growth for offices is expected to be absorbed quickly by the market. Besides seeing strong rental growth in the inner cities, desirable city fringe locations do see rental uplifts underpinned by the search for alternative investments.


Positive rental price trend and outlook for the seven strongholds contribute to the yield compression in the German office market.  We believe that the strength of the German office market will persist on the back of tight supply amidst rising demand for attractive office properties. Excess demand is expected to be able to support rising rates in the near term.  


IREIT partnered with Tikehau Capital and CDL to acquire 100% interest of 4 multi-tenanted freehold office properties located in the established office areas of Madrid and Barcelona. The Spanish portfolio will be held through a 40:60 joint venture (JV) by IREIT and Tikehau Capital and it is IREIT’s maiden acquisition since Tikehau Capital and CDL formed a strategic partnership in April 2019.

The total agreed property value on a 100% basis of €133.8mn represents a 3.3% discount to aggregate valuation. After taking into the mortgage financing at the asset level, the total cost of investment for IREIT’s 40% interest is €57.6mn.

CDL showed its support for the acquisition by extending a €32.0mn bridging loan to IREIT to fund its investment. Tikehau Capital granted IREIT with a call option at market price with a floor to acquire the 60% stake. The bridging loan will be for a tenor of 18 months at an interest rate of 3.875% above EURIBOR per annum. IGG will explore possible debt and equity financing options to repay the bridging loan as well as exercise the call option while maintaining an appropriate capital structure for IREIT.



IREIT intends to finance the total acquisition cost either fully in debt which comprises of the CDL loan and mortgage financing (Scenario 1), or in a combination of debt and equity which comprises of mortgage financing and equity financing (Scenario 2).  IREIT has drawn down approximately €5.4mn of the CDL Loan to fund IREIT’s proportionate share of the initial payment, with the remaining loan amount to be drawn down on closing. In Scenario 2, it is assumed that approximately S$50.0mn will be raised from the issuance of 62.7mn new units at a price of S$0.7979 per new unit at the exchange rate of €1.00: S$1.5195.

The NPI yield of the Spanish portfolio as of 30 September 2019 is estimated to be 4.2%. In both scenarios, the enlarged portfolio is expected to increase by 10.5% and net asset value per unit is to remain at €0.48/unit.  If IREIT funds the acquisition by debt in Scenario 1, the aggregate leverage is expected to increase by 6.4%. IREIT will be able to see DPU accretion of 1.2%. If IREIT funds the acquisition in partial debt in Scenario 2, aggregate leverage is expected to increase by 1.1% and DPU will see a dilution of 2.9%.




IREIT is to add 4 office properties in its portfolio:

a.        Delta Nova IV and Delta Nova VI (Figure 30) – Delta Nova IV and Delta Nova VI are two office buildings that form an office complex located in the consolidated business office area of Manoteras, north of Madrid. Manoteras is a 15-minute drive to both the Madrid Barajas International Airport and Madrid financial centre and approximately 25 minutes from Madrid’s city centre.

b.       Il∙lumina (Figure 31) – Smallest property in the Spanish portfolio, Il∙lumina is an office building located in Esplugues de Llobregat. Esplugues de Llobregat is a mixed-use office and industrial area that houses technology and audio-visual office cluster which is located five kilometres away from Avenida Diagonal, the financial district of Barcelona (Avenida Diagonal). Il∙lumina was built in the 1970s and was fully refurbished in 2004 into an office building with enhanced functionality and design.

c.        Sant Cugat Green (Figure 32) Largest property in the Spanish portfolio. Sant Cugat Green is a modern office building in Barcelona, located in an attractive periphery office submarket within its metropolitan area. The office is approximately a 20-minute drive away from Avenida Diagonal and has a bus stop in close proximity to the building to provide regular access to public transportation (FCC train station). It is also equipped with a restaurant and a 5,146 sqm data centre space for internal use by its tenants.

Source: Company, PSR



Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, and the fifth-largest economy in the European continent. Spain’s largest city and capital is Madrid. Other of its major urban areas include Barcelona, Bilbao, Málaga, Seville and Valencia. IREIT’s newest properties will be located in Madrid and Barcelona.

Spain’s economy continues to expand for the sixth year in a row, driven by the lower unemployment rate, strong tourist arrivals and healthy private consumption. Its GDP growth outpaces the average GDP growth across all the European states. According to CBRE Research, GDP for Spain is forecasted to grow by 2.2% from 2019 to 2020 and 1.6% from 2019-2023 while other Eurozone countries will see more muted growth rates of 1.6% and 1.3% respectively.


Spanish real estate investments continue to be favoured on the back of low interest rates, low sovereign bond yields in Europe and volatile financial markets. Supported by an above-average growth rate as compared to its neighbouring economies, Spain is on the watch-list for real estate investments for international investors.


In terms of the office outlook, office take-up in Spain remains robust. It is mainly attributable to the increase in office employment, private sector demand and growth of regional productive activity. According to Cushman and Wakefield, the gross take-up of office floor space in Madrid increased 42% year over year to 334,500 sqm within 1H2019 while Barcelona recorded its best sixth month performance over the past decade with a take-up of 251,250 sqm in 1H2019.


In tandem with strong take-up performance, rents in Madrid and Barcelona continue to face upward pressures on the back of strong office demand and a lack of quality supply. Prime rents in Madrid lifted moderately by approximately 3% year over year to hit €34.50/month for each square metre, while prime rents in Barcelona climbed 9% year to €27.25/month per square metre in 1H2019.

Spain is an improving economy with sound fundamentals and investment climate. We note that Spain still has the room for growth and remain optimistic that IREIT’s newest acquisitions should be able to provide the existing portfolio with an adequate rental upside through active leasing management.



  1. The properties are held through property holding companies in the Netherlands.
  2. Professional third party property managers have been appointed pursuant to the property management agreements entered into between the relevant property holding company and the property manager.

Source: Company


APPENDIX 4 – IREIT Global Summary



IREIT Global. Listed on 13 August 2014 on the main board of SGX @ S$0.88.



5 free-hold office properties in Germany which are valued at €526.4m as at June 2019.

4 free-hold office properties in Spain which are valued at €133.8mn as at Dec 2019.


Strategic Investors

Tikehau Capital and CDL each own 50% stake in the trust manager IGG, and 16.3% and 12.3% in IREIT respectively.



IREIT Global Group Pte. Ltd.



To distribute at least 90% of its distributable income.



Maximum gearing shall not at any time exceed 45%.


Lease Structure

Germany: Berlin Campus’ rental escalation is based on fixed rent with built-in escalation, the rest of the properties are subjected to CPI on a cumulative basis against their respective hurdle rates.

Spain: The properties for the Spanish portfolio are based on CPI, but it is done on a yearly step-up basis.


Top 5 tenants

GMG - Deutsche Telekom, Deutsche Rentenversicherung Bund (DRB), ST Microelectronics, Allianz Handwerker Services GmbH, Ebase


GMG Master Lease

GMG occupies 100% of Münster Campus, Darmstadt Campus and Bonn Campus.

Leases are expected to expire in 2023-2024.


Contribution to IREIT’s GRI

1Q 2018



2Q 2018



3Q 2018



4Q 2018



1Q 2019



2Q 2019



3Q 2019




DRB Master


DRB is one of the 8 key tenants of Berlin Campus.

DRB’s leases are expected to expire in 2024.


Contribution to IREIT’s GRI

1Q 2018



2Q 2018



3Q 2018



4Q 2018



1Q 2019



2Q 2019



3Q 2019




Corporate Income Tax Rate in Germany

Dividends and capital gains derived from the disposal of German-REIT shares are fully subject to corporate income tax rate of 15.8%. However, tax-structuring through various SPVs and intercompany loans can be utilised to lower the effective tax rate recognised by IREIT.




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